Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused more than 1 million reported deaths in less than a year. Aside from the death toll, the pandemic has triggered significant emotional, physical, and economic problems around the world. The emerging literature measures the impact of various traumatic stressors related to COVID-19, as well as the effects of less severe types of stress exposures. COVID-19 has already led to diverse mental health problems, including anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and other trauma- and stress-related disorders. Different groups have met the qualifying criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to DSM-5 as a result of the pandemic: those who have themselves suffered from serious COVID-19 illness and potential death; individuals who, as family members and health care workers, have witnessed others’ suffering and death; individuals who have learned about the death or risk of death of a family member or friend due to the virus.

Many individuals are turning to homoeopathy for help in dealing with post COVID trauma – anxiety and depression being amongst the common reasons. Role of homoeopathy is well-known in the treatment of Post traumatic stress disorder, with a huge treasury of medicines that are helpful in overcoming feelings of sadness, anxiety and severe depression. Depending on the cause and the level of trauma, the case if diagnosed and homoeopathic remedy is prescribed accordingly. The causes of mood changes have been many during this period – sudden loss of a close one due to COVID, physical ailments after suffering from coronavirus, stress due to caring from a patient suffering from COVID, being locked up during lockdown, losing a job and so much more. In young children the effect of not being able to go to school and lack of interaction with the peer group is leading to psychological problems.

In this article, the focus is on trauma to patients post suffering from COVID themselves and individuals suffering from grief due to the loss of a dear one. The article highlights the homoeopathic treatment for such patients and also some tips to overcome depression.

When people experience trauma, it usually shakes them to their core, especially if they felt they had little to no control over the event. They feel helpless, they may experience flashbacks, or they may experience a persistent fear that something bad will happen to them again.

  • Possible mental health symptoms related to having Covid-19 can include:
    • Brain fog
    • Short term memory loss
    • Confusion
    • Not feeling “like myself”
    • Problems concentrating

    • This stress may also be causing:
      • Problems sleeping
      • Difficulties with concentration
      • Angry outbursts
      • Changes to your eating patterns, such as not eating or over-indulging
      • New or increased substance abuse (tobacco, alcohol, or recreational drug use)
      • Chronic health problems may be getting worse
      • Pre-pandemic mental health conditions may be worsening

      Covid PTSD Symptoms   

      Signs of Covid PTSD are similar to the signs of trauma that people experience after going through disturbing and life-threatening events, such as natural disasters, wars, or other serious medical diagnoses.

      Even though emotional responses are part of a normal reaction to a stressful situation, trauma actually changes patterns in your brain. It causes you to carry the emotional distress long after the events have passed.

      The symptoms of Covid PTSD can include:

      • Flashbacks to the event
      • Sudden, overwhelming fear for no apparent reason
      • Anger or irritability
      • Physical symptoms, such as a rapid heartbeat, sweating, or difficulty breathing
      • Negative thoughts
      • Feeling guilt or blaming yourself for what happened
      • Worry that something bad will happen again, to you or a loved one
      • Beginning or increased substance abuse
      • Suicide consideration

      Various Manifestations of Post Covid Stress disorder

      Anxiety: Anxiety feels different depending on the person experiencing it. Feelings can range from butterflies in your stomach to a racing heart. One might feel out of control like there’s a disconnect between your mind and body.

      Other ways people experience anxiety include nightmares, panic attacks, and painful thoughts or memories that you can’t control. There may be a general feeling of fear and worry or fear a specific place or event.

      Symptoms of general anxiety include:

      • increased heart rate
      • rapid breathing
      • restlessness
      • trouble concentrating
      • difficulty falling asleep

      Panic attacks: A panic attack is a sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause. Panic attacks can be very frightening. When panic attacks occur, one might think one is losing control, having a heart attack or even dying. Panic attacks are common in people suffering from Post Covid stress disorder.

      Panic attacks typically include some of these signs or symptoms:

      • Sense of impending doom or danger
      • Fear of loss of control or death
      • Rapid, pounding heart rate
      • Sweating
      • Trembling or shaking
      • Shortness of breath or tightness in your throat
      • Chills
      • Hot flashes
      • Nausea
      • Abdominal cramping
      • Chest pain
      • Headache
      • Dizziness, lightheadedness or faintness
      • Numbness or tingling sensation
      • Feeling of unreality or detachment

      Depression

      Depression is classified as a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities. People experience depression in different ways. It may interfere with daily work, resulting in lost time and lower productivity. It can also influence relationships and some chronic health conditions.

      Depression can be more than a constant state of sadness or feeling “blue.”

      Major depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Some affect your mood, and others affect your body. Symptoms may also be ongoing or come and go.

      • mood, such as anger, aggressiveness, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness
      • emotional well-being, such as feeling empty, sad, hopeless
      • behavior, such as loss of interest, no longer finding pleasure in favorite activities, feeling tired easily, thoughts of suicide, drinking excessively, using drugs, engaging in high-risk activities
      • sexual interest, such as reduced sexual desire, lack of sexual performance
      • cognitive abilities, such as inability to concentrate, difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during conversations
      • sleep patterns, such as insomnia, restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, not sleeping through the night
      • physical well-being, such as fatigue, pains, headache, digestive problems

      Homoeopathy for Post Covid stress disorder

      Not everyone reacts the same way to adverse life conditions and every individual might show different symptoms and different forms of psychological reaction. Unlike the protocols in conventional medicine, there is no standard treatment for any mental disorder in homoeopathy. Many patients suffering from different forms of post covid stress disorder can and are benefitting from homoeopathic treatment. Homoeopathy does not work by forcing a change in brain biochemistry as conventional medicine attempts to do. Instead, homoeopathy works by eliciting a response in the body’s self-healing mechanism and the brain biochemistry changes naturally as the patient recovers. Homoeopathy often helps in relieving a patient’s depression to a level of awareness at which it can be addressed. The fact that homoeopathy is safe and effective in treating mood disorders, it should make for the choice of therapy for patients suffering from such disorders. 

      For treatment of such disorders, it is always advisable to seek professional help. A homoeopathic physician will treat each person on an individual basis. All the symptoms relating to a person’s complaint are taken into account, as well as their family and medical history, general character and the causes leading to the symptoms. If a person is suffering from Post covid stress disorder, consult a homoeopathic physician for effective treatment. 

      References 

      https://www.healthline.com/health/depression#symptoms

      https://www.healthline.com/health/anxiety#_

      Panic attacks and panic disorder - Symptoms and causes ...

      https://www.mayoclinic.org

      Post-COVID Stress Disorder:

      Another Emerging Consequence of the Global Pandemicwww.psychiatrictimes.com

      Shedding light on the dark side of the moon by Timothy R. Dooley